بررسی صحت ادعاهای‌تغذیه‏ای و سلامتی‏بخش برچسب‏ فرآورده‌های‌شیری عرضه شده در تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه بهداشت و ایمنی مواد غذایی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه کنترل کیفی و بهداشتی مواد غذایی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه بهداشت و ایمنی مواد غذایی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

10.30495/jfh.2020.1891051.1257

چکیده

افراد با توجه به شرایط متفاوت جسمانی خود نیازهای تغذیه‏ای متعددی داشته و بدین منظور تولیدکنندگان باید محتویات و برچسب‎های اقلام غذایی را در کمال صحت و صداقت ارائه نمایند تا علاوه بر آگاهی دادن به مصرف‌کنندگان منجر به سردرگمی و یا به‎خطر انداختن سلامت آن‌ها نشود. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی صحت درج این اطلاعات و میزان تطابق آن‌ها با ضوابط تعیین‎شده و شناسایی اشتباهات و تقلبات می‎باشد. در این مطالعه توصیفی- تحلیلی 272 نمونه از فرآورده‌های‌شیری انتخاب و از برچسب آن‎ها عکس‎برداری صورت گرفت، سپس اطلاعات موجود در عکس‎ها با مستندات موجود در سازمان غذا و دارو و ضابطه برچسب‎گذاری فرآورده‌های غذایی و آشامیدنی انطباق داده شد و صحت آن‌ها موردبررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد 2/45 درصد نمونه‎ها حاوی اظهارات توصیفی بودند که 18/50 درصد این اظهارات غیرمجاز است. میزان عدم تطابق برچسب‎گذاری بر اساس ضوابط سازمان غذا و دارو در مورد اظهارات «غنی‌شده»، «پروبیوتیک»، «ادعاهای سلامتی‎بخش» و «جدول حقایق ‌تغذیه‎ای» به ترتیب 55/50، 6/95، 4/68،5/57 درصد بود. در ضمن 36/0 درصد اظهارات اخطاری ادعاشده ذاتاً بی‎اعتبار بودند. 2/3 درصد نمونه‎ها دارای ادعای ‌تغذیه‎ای و 14 درصد نمونه‎ها فاقد نشانگرهای رنگی بودند. برچسب‌های غذایی ابزاری برای سنجش سلامت محصولات است و نقش به‌سزایی در کاهش بیماری‎های‌ غیر واگیر ازجمله بیماری‌های متابولیک خواهند داشت. این مطالعه لزوم نظارت بیشتر و سخت‎گیرانه‎تر را در حیطه برچسب‌های غذایی آشکار می‎کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey of Nutrition and Health Claims on Dairy Products Labels in Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Asafari 1
  • P. Mahasti 2
  • H. Hamedi 3
1 M.Sc, Department of Food Safety and Hygiene, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Food Quality Control and Hygiene, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Food Safety and Hygiene, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Food labelling plays a major role in the marketing and identification of products. Given the different physical conditions of each person, the nutritional needs of individuals will also be different. In this context, manufacturers must ensure the integrity of the content and labelling of foodstuffs so that they do not confuse consumers and do not compromise their health. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of the labelling information and its compliance with the criteria established by the FDA. In this descriptive-analytical study, the labelling information of 272 dairy products was recorded. Then the information was investigated with documents in the Food and Drug Administration and the general guidelines of food and beverages. The results showed that 45.2% of the samples contained descriptive statements, of which 50.18% were unauthorized. There was 50.55%, 95.6%, 68.4%, 57.5%, defect with the FDA labelling in enrichment foods, probiotic foods, health claims, and nutrition facts label, and 0.36% of the samples claims were invalid. 3.2% of the samples had nutritional claims, and 14% of the samples hadn’t traffic-light nutrition labelling. Food labels are a tool for measuring the health of products and will have a significant role in reducing NCD. This study reveals the need for more and more rigorous monitoring of food labels.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Food Labeling
  • Health Claims and Nutrition Claims
  • dairy products
  • Nutrition Facts
  • Traffic-light nutrition labeling
 

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