کاربرد روش جدید میکرواستخراج برای اندازه‌گیری آفت‌کش‌های اورگانوفسفره در آب‌میوه به‌روش کروماتوگرافی مایع با کارایی بالا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد علوم و صنایع غذایی، واحد سراب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سراب، ایران

2 استادیار مرکز ایمنی غذا و دارو، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 استادیار گروه علوم و صنایع غذایی، واحد سراب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سراب، ایران

چکیده

محصولات کشاورزی از جمله میوه‌ها به‌عنوان مواد اولیه تهیه آب‌میوه‌ها تحت تأثیر آفات متفاوت قرار می‌گیرند و به‌منظور مبارزه با این عوامل در فعالیت‌های کشاورزی آفت‌کش‌ها به‌طور مرتب مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرند. قسمتی از این مواد نه‌تنها در سطح محصولات باقی می‌ماند بلکه به‌داخل بافت آن‌ها نفوذ می‌کند؛ به‌طوری‌که اغلب محصولات کشاورزی که در معرض آفت‌کش‌ها قرار گرفته‌اند حاوی مقادیری از باقیمانده آفت‌کش‌ها می‌باشند که به‌همراه غذا‌ها وارد بدن مصرف‌کنندگان می‌شوند. به‌همین دلیل استفاده از روش‌های دقیق و کارآمد در ارزیابی مقادیر باقی‌مانده این ترکیبات در محصولات غذایی از ارزش بالایی برخوردار است. در این کار پژوهشی ترکیبی از روش‌های میکرواستخراج مایع-مایع کمک شده با هوا و انجماد قطره‌ شناور آلی برای استخراج و پیش‌تغلیظ و سپس اندازه‌گیری کمی برخی از آفت‌کش‌های ارگانوفسفره پرکاربرد در ایران (دیازینون، کلرپریفوس، فوسالون، متیل‌پاراتیون و متیل‌آزینفوس) از نمونه‌های آب‌میوه بسته‌بندی‌شده به روش کروماتوگرافی مایع با کارایی بالا توسعه داده‌شده است. در شرایط بهینه، 32 میکرو لیتر منتول به‌عنوان حلال استخراج‌کننده، 75 میکرو لیتر استونیتریل به‌عنوان حلال کمک پخش‌کننده در دمای 60 درجه‌ سلسیوس برای استخراج آنالیت‌ها مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. روش پیشنهادی ساده، قابل‌اعتماد و ارزان بوده و مقادیر مطلوبی برای راندمان استخراج به‌دست می‌دهد به‌طوری‌که تحت شرایط بهینه راندمان استخراج در محدوده‌ی 79-61 درصد به‌دست ‌آمد. درصد انحراف استاندارد نسبی بر اساس مساحت زیر پیک، 6/4 و 9/۶ به‌دست‌آمد که نشان از تکرارپذیری بالای روش ارائه ‌شده دارد. از دیگر مزایای این ‌روش می‌توان به مصرف کم حلال‌های آلی و زمان آنالیز کوتاه اشاره کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of a novel microextraction method for determination of organophosphorous pesticides from fruit juice using high performance liquid chromatography

نویسندگان [English]

  • R. Fakhim Rasoolzadeh 1
  • M.R. Afshar Moghaddam 2
  • J. Khandaghi 3
1 M.Sc Graduate of Food Science and Technology, Sarab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sarab, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Food and Drug Safety Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Department of Food Science and Technology, Sarab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sarab, Iran
چکیده [English]

Crops such as fruits as raw materials for the production of fruit juices are affected by different pests that are regularly used to combat these agents in agriculture activities. Some of these substances not only remain on the surface of crops but also penetrate their tissues, as most of the crops exposed to pesticides contain amounts of pesticide residues that enter the consumer's body along with foods. For this reason, the use of precise and efficient methods in evaluating the residuals amounts of these compounds in food products is of great value. In this research, a combination of air-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction and liquid-liquid microextraction with solidification of floating organic drop methods has developed for extraction and preconcentration of some of the widely used organophosphorus pesticides used in Iran (Diazinon, Chlorpyrifos, Phosalone,  Parathion- methyl and Azinphos-methyl) from juice samples before their analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography. Under optimal conditions, 32 μl of menthol as the extraction solvent and 75 μl acetonitrile as dispersive solvent at a temperature of 60 °C used to extract the analytes. The proposed method is simple, reliable, and inexpensive and yields optimal values ​​for extraction efficiency so that under optimized conditions the recoveries ranging from 61 to 79%. RSD% was in range 4.6 to 6.9, indicating high reproducibility of the proposed method. Other advantages of this method include low organic solvents consumption and short analysis time.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fruit juice
  • Organophosphorus pesticides
  • Air-Assisted liquid-liquid microextraction
  • High-performance liquid chromatography
 

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