تأثیر پوشش خوراکی بر پایه کربوکسی متیل سلولز، آلژینات سدیم و عصاره سیر کوهی (Allium ursinum L) بر ماندگاری پنیر لاکتیکی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد علوم و صنایع غذایی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم و صنایع غذایی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه صنایع چوب و کاغذ، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

چکیده

ﭘﻮﺷﺶ دﻫﯽ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﮐﯿﺒﺎت ﻃﺒﯿﻌﯽ ﯾﮑﯽ از روشﻫﺎی ﻧﻮﯾﻦ ﻧﮕﻬﺪاری ﻣﻮاد ﻏﺬاﯾﯽ محسوب می‌شود ﮐﻪ اﻣﺮوزه ﮐﺎرﺑﺮد ﮔﺴﺘﺮده‌ای ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ. پنیر جزء محصولات غذایی محبوبی است که به‌دلیل نگهداری در آب‌نمک، مصرف روزانه آن می‌تواند سلامت مصرف‌کنندگان را تهدید کند. در این پژوهش به‌جای نگهداری پنیر در آب‌نمک، از روش نوین پوشش‌دهی با ترکیب 2 درصد آلژینات‌سدیم و 3 درصد کربوکسی متیل سلولز به‌همراه عصاره سیر کوهی در سه سطح 5/0، 1 و 5/1 درصد استفاده شد. دو تیمار بدون پوشش بدون آب‌نمک و بدون پوشش غوطه‌ور در آب‌نمک، به‌عنوان شاهد در نظر گرفته شدند. ویژگی‌های فیزیکوشیمیایی (pH، اسیدیته و افت وزن)، میکروبی (شمارش باکتری‌های گرمادوست و سرمادوست، کپک و مخمر) و حسی نمونه‌ها طی نگهداری به‌مدت 21 روز در دمای 4 درجه سلسیوس مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان داد که طی نگهداری، مقدار pH به‌طور معنی‌داری کاهش یافت (05/0p<)؛ در حالی‌که اسیدیته، افت وزن و بار میکروبی نمونه‌ها افزایش یافت. پوشش‌دهی با نسبت‌های مختلف در ارزیابی حسی، کلیه ویژگی‌های حسی نمونه‌ها را تحت تأثیر قرار داد. به‌طوری‌که بالاترین امتیاز پذیرش کلی مربوط به پوشش به‌همراه 5/1 درصد عصاره سیرکوهی بود. بر اساس نتایج تحقیق، می‌توان از پوشش‌های خوراکی بر پایه آلژینات سدیم و کربوکسی متیل سلولز حاوی عصاره سیر کوهی برای افزایش ماندگاری پنیر استفاده نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of carboxymethyl cellulose and sodium alginate-based edible coating containing wild garlic (Allium ursinum L.) extract on the shelf-life of lactic cheese

نویسندگان [English]

  • S.M. Mousavi 1
  • L. , Najafian 2
  • M. Farsi 3
1 M.Sc Graduate of Food Science and Technology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2 Assistant professor, Department of Food Science and Technology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
3 Associated professor, Department of Wood & Paper Industries, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, coating by natural materials is one of the novel food preservation methods with extensive applications. Cheese is a popular food, however, its high daily intake due to its high salt content may threaten the health of consumers. In this study, instead of stored in brine, the novel method for cheese coating was used with the combination of 2% sodium alginate and 3% carboxymethyl cellulose with wild garlic extract at three concentrations of 0.5, 1 and 1.5%. Two uncoated cheese specimens (stored in or out of brine) were considered as the control groups. Physicochemical (pH, acidity and weight loss), microbial (thermophile, psychrophile, mold and yeast count), and sensory properties of the samples were investigated for 21 days at 4 °C. The results showed that during storage, pH decreased significantly (p< 0.05) while acidity, weight loss and microbial load increased. Coating with various ratios affected all of the sensory properties of the cheese samples. So that the highest score of total acceptance was related to the coating with 1.5% wild garlic extract. According to the results, edible coating based on sodium alginate and carboxymethyl cellulose, containing the wild garlic extract, can be used to increase the shelf life of cheese.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • covering
  • Sodium alginate
  • Carboxymethyl cellulose
  • wild garlic extract
  • Lactic cheese
                       

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