بررسی فراوانی و الگوی حساسیت آنتی‌بیوتیکی یرسینیا انتروکولیتیکا در گوشت و احشاء خوراکی مرغ عرضه شده در اردبیل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی‌ارشد میکروبیولوژی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهر، اهر، ایران

2 استادیار گروه میکروبیولوژی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهر، اهر، ایران

چکیده

یرسینیا انتروکولیتیکا از مهم‌ترین باکتری‌های منتقل شونده از راه مواد غذایی است که باعث ایجاد بیماری یرسینیوزیس می‌شود. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی آلودگی‌ گوشت و احشاء خوراکی مرغ عرضه شده در شهرستان اردبیل‌ ‌به یرسینیا انتروکولیتیکا و تعیین الگوی مقاومت آنتی‌بیوتیکی جدایه‌ها انجام شد. در این مطالعه توصیفی-مقطعی طی فصول بهار و تابستان سال 1395، تعداد 344  نمونه شامل 264 نمونه گوشت مرغ و 80 نمونه احشاء به‌صورت تصادفی انتخاب و با روش استاندارد ملی ایران از نظر آلودگی به یرسینیا انتروکولیتیکا مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. حساسیت آنتی‌بیوتیکی جدایه‌ها به روش کربی-باوئر بررسی‌شد. یافته‌های تحقیق نشانگر آلودگی 34/22 درصدی نمونه‌های گوشت مرغ و 5/37 درصدی احشاء به یرسینیا انتروکولیتیکا بودند. در بررسی الگوی آنتی‌بیوگرام جدایه‌ها بیش‌ترین مقاومت به آمپی‌سیلین با 74/84 درصد مشاهده شد. سپس سفالوتین با 49/69 درصد و سفالکسین با 4/64 درصد مقاومت، قرار داشتند. در مقابل مقاومت نسبت به کلرامفنیکل و سیپروفلوکساسین دیده نشد. با توجه به آلودگی بالای گوشت و احشاء خوراکی مرغ به یرسینیا انتروکولیتیکا و وجود سویه‌های مقاومت به آنتی‌بیوتیک، اعمال راه‌کارهای بهداشتی جهت کاهش آلودگی گوشت مرغ به یرسینیا انتروکولیتیکا و استفاده اصولی از آنتی‌بیوتیک‌ها در صنعت پرورش طیور، برای جلوگیری از گسترش سویه‌های مقاوم به آنتی‌بیوتیک و انتقال آن‌ها به زنجیره غذایی انسان ضروری می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of Yersinia enterocolitica in broiler meat and edible offal at Ardabil retails

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. Shekari 1
  • M. Ghiami Rad 2
1 M.Sc Graduate in Microbiology, Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahar, Iran
2 Assistant Professor in Microbiology, Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Yersinia enterocolitica is one of the most important food-borne bacteria and it can cause yersiniosis. This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence of Y. enterocolitica in poultry meat and offal marketed in Ardabil, as well as to assess the antibiotic resistance pattern of the isolates. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, a total of 344 samples including 264 poultry meat and 80 offal samples were randomly obtained during the spring and summer of 2016. The samples were investigated for the presence of Y. enterocolitica using Iranian National Standard. Moreover, antibiotic susceptibility was examined by Kerby-Bauer method. Based on results, 22.34% of the poultry meat samples and 37.5% of the offals were contaminated with Y. enterocolitica. Antibiogram results revealed that 84.74% of the isolates were resistant to Ampicillin; in the cases of Cephalothin and Cephalexin, it was estimated at 69.49% and 64.4% of the isolates, respectively. However, resistance was observed for Chloramphenicol and Syprufluxasine. Regarding the high occurrence Y. enterocolitica in chicken meat and offal and the presence of antibiotic-resistant strains of this bacterium, the implementation of hygienic measures to reduce the occurrence of Y. enterocolitica in chicken meat and the prudent use of antibiotics in the poultry industry to prevent the spread of strains resistant to antibiotics and transferring them to the human food chain is essential.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Yersinia enterocolitica
  • Poultry meat
  • Edible offal
  • Antibiotic susceptibility pattern
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