بررسی هیدروکربن‌های نفتی فلورن، فنانترن و آنتراسن در ماهیان اقتصادی تالاب انزلی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی پژوهشی، پژوهشکده آبزی پروری آب‌های داخلی، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، بندرانزلی، ایران

2 استادیار، پژوهشکده آبزی پروری آب های داخلی، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، بندرانزلی، ایران

3 دانشیار، پژوهشکده آبزی پروری آب های داخلی، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، بندرانزلی، ایران

چکیده

هیدروکربن‌های نفتی از آلوده کننده‌های معمول در مناطق صنعتی هستند. این تحقیق با هدف بررسی میزان تجمع هیدروکربن‌های نفتی فلورن، فناترن و آنتراسن در بافت ماهی‌های کپور معمولی، اردک ماهی، کاراس، سفید، لای ماهی و اسبله ایستگاه‌های تالاب انزلی انجام شد. اندازه‌گیری هیدروکربن‌ها بوسیله دستگاه کروماتوگراف گازی با شناساگر (GC-FID) انجام شد. تعداد 10 نمونه از هر ماهی اسبله، کاراس و اردک در ایستگاه‌های مرکزی و شرق، ماهی کپور ایستگاه‌های غرب و مرکزی و ماهی سفید ایستگاه مرکزی تالاب فاقد آلودگی با هیدروکربن فلورن بررسی شدند. هیدروکربن‌های فناترن و فلورن در ایستگاه های غرب، شرق و مرکزی تفاوت معنی‌دار داشتند (05/0p<). هیدروکربن آنتراسن در اردک ماهی، لای ماهی و ماهی اسبله ایستگاه‌های مرکزی و شرق، ماهی کپور ایستگاه مرکزی، ماهی سفید ایستگاه‌های غرب و شرق و ماهی کاراس ایستگاه‌های غرب و مرکزی تالاب مشاهده نشد. طبق نتایج، ماهی کپور تالاب شرق و اردک ماهی تالاب غرب از حیث آلودگی به هیدروکربن فلورن و ماهی کپور ایستگاه‌های غرب و شرق و اردک ماهی و لای ماهی ایستگاه غرب تالاب از حیث آلودگی به هیدروکربن آنتراسن در مقایسه با سازمان بهداشت جهانی جهت مصارف انسانی مناسب نبودند. هم‌چنین لای ماهی ایستگاه‌های غرب و مرکزی، ماهی کاراس ایستگاه‌های غرب و شرق، ماهی اسبله ایستگاه‌های غرب، مرکزی و شرق، ماهی سفید ایستگاه مرکزی و ماهی کپور ایستگاه‌های مرکزی و شرق تالاب نیز از حیث آلودگی به  فناترن در مقایسه با سازمان بهداشت جهانی (استانداردهای شماره 48568، 73338 و 31581) از حیث بهداشت مواد غذایی جهت مصارف انسانی مناسب نیستند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Fluorene Phenanthrene and Anthracene petroleum hydrocarbons in economic fish wetland Anzali

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Seifzadeh 1
  • A. Valipour 2
  • A. khanipour 3
1 Scientific board, Inland Waters Aquaculture Research Center,Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Bandar Anzali, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Inland Waters Aquaculture Research Center,Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Bandar Anzali, Iran
3 Associate Prof, Inland Waters Aquaculture Research Center,Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Bandar Anzali, Iran
چکیده [English]

Petroleum hydrocarbons are among the routine chemical pollutants in industrial areas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accumulation of petroleum hydrocarbons in six commercial fish species consisting of common Carp, Pike, Caras, Sefid fish, Tinca tinca and Catfish in stations of Anzali wetland. For this purpose, Anthracene, Fluorene and Phenanthrene PAHs measured by Gas Chromatography with a detector (GC-FID). Ten numbers were studied from each fish type including Catfish, Karas, and Pik from the central and East stations, Carp fish from the west and central stations and Sefid fish from the central station (with any Fluorene contamination). Phenanthrene and Fluorene concentration among the west, east, and central stations showed difference significant (p<0.05). Anthracene was observed in Pike, Catfish, Tinca tinca of the central and east stations, Carp fish of the central station, Sefid fish of the west and east stations and Caras of the central and west stations. Based on the results, Carp fish of east station and Pike fish of the west station in terms of contamination to Fluorene and Carp fish of the east and west stations and pike and Tinca tinca of the west stations were not suitable for human consumption based on the WHO measures. Moreover, according to the the WHO rules (No. 48568, 73338 and 31581), Tinca tinca of the central and west stations, Karas of the west and east stations, Catfish of the west, east and central, Sefid fish of the central stations and Carp fish of the central and east of wetland in terms of contamination to Phenanthrene were found unsuitable for human consumption.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Petroleum hydrocarbons (PAHs)
  • Fluorene
  • Phenanthrene
  • Anthracene

 

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