جایگزینی نیتریت با آناتو و برنج قرمز در فرآورده‌های سوسیس و کالباس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه بهداشت مواد غذایی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم و صنایع غذایی، واحد ممقان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ممقان، ایران

چکیده

امروزه با افزایش آگاهی مصرف کنندگان نسبت به مضرات نگهدارنده‏های شیمیایی، تقاضا برای غذاهای آماده با نگهدارنده‏های طبیعی افزایش یافته است. از این رو هدف این مطالعه، جایگزینی آناتو و برنج قرمز در سوسیس به‏جای نیتریت می‏باشد. برای این منظور آناتو جایگزین صفر، 25، 50، 75 و 100 درصد نیتریت و مقدار ثابت 05/0 درصد برنج قرمز در سوسیس حاوی 60درصد گوشت قرمز شد. آزمایشات شیمیایی، میکروبی و حسی در روزهای 0، 7، 14، 21 و 28 در سه تکرار انجام داده شد. نتایج نشان داد که آناتو و برنج قرمز اثر سویی بر ویژگی‏های شیمیایی و میکروبی سوسیس ندارند. همچنین، ارزیابی حسی نمونه‏های جایگزین با 50 درصد آناتو و 75 درصد آناتو، دارای بالاترین رضایتمندی از لحاظ رنگ، طعم، بو، قوام و پذیرش کلی بودند. فقط نمونه 100 درصد آناتو در تمامی فاکتورهای حسی تحت مطالعه با بقیه گروه‏ها اختلاف معنی دار نشان داد. در نهایت، سوسیس حاوی 75 درصد نیتریت جایگزین با آناتو و حاوی 05/0 درصد برنج قرمز در پنج بازه زمانی از لحاظ ویژگی‏های میکروبی، شیمیایی و حسی مقبولیت بالاتری نسبت به سایر نمونه‏ها داشته و به نمونه شاهد نزدیکتر بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Replacement of nitrite with annatto and red rice in sausage products

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Javadi 1
  • Aisa Alinia 2
1 Associate Professor of Department of Food Hygiene, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 M.Sc. Graduated, Department of Food Science, Mamaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mamaghan.
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, by increasing consumer awareness about the hazards of chemical preservatives, the demand for foods with increased natural preservatives has increased. The main objective of this study was to replace the annatto and the red rice instead of nitrite in sausage. For this purpose, annatto replaced by zero, 25, 50, 75 and 100 % of nitrite then sausage with 60 % red meat and 0.05 % fixed amount of red rice were made. Chemical, microbiological and sensory testing on days 0, 7, 14, 21 and 28 were performed in triplicate. The results of chemical and microbial tests showed that the annatto and red rice do not have negative effects on sausage with 60% meat. According to the results of sensory evaluation, samples with 50% annatto, and 75 % annatto, had the highest satisfaction in terms of color, taste, smell, consistency and compliance. Only the group with 100% of annatto in all sensory factors in the study showed significant differences with the rest of the group. Finally, the group with 75% annatto and 0.05% red rice, In terms of five different times, microbiological, chemical and sensory evaluation had a higher approval rating than other samples and was closer to control sample.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Annatto
  • red rice
  • Nitrite
  • sausages
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